Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine

Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine / 1997 / Article

Open Access

Volume 1 |Article ID 585023 | 12 pages | https://doi.org/10.1080/10273669708833010

Defibrillation in Models of Cardiac Muscle

Received01 Oct 1996

Abstract

The propagation of electrical activity in cardiac tissue can be modelled by reaction diffusion equations, where a tensor of diffusion coefficients represents anisotropy due to fiber orintation, and excitation is represented by high-order, stiff differential systems. The effects of external electrical stimulation, as in artifical pacemakers, or in defibrillators, requires bidomain models, in wich intra- and extracellular currents are treated separately.simplified approaches are taken to this problem to illustrate two methods of defibrillation: by a sinhle large pulse, that eliminates all propagating activity, and by a series of smaller amplitude perturbations, that drive out re-entrant sources of excitation.

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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