Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine / 2014 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Three-Dimensional Lower Extremity Joint Loading in a Carved Ski and Snowboard Turn: A Pilot Study

Table 4

Average net knee joint flexion (+)/extension (−) moments (), net adduction (+)/abduction (−) moments (), and net internal (+)/external (−) rotation moments () and standard deviations in the steering leg in skiing and snowboarding for each of the three phases.

/ (SD) (Nm/kg)/ (SD) (Nm/kg)/ (SD) (Nm/kg)
SkiSnowboardSkiSnowboardSkiSnowboard

Phase 11.1 (2.0)3.3 (1.4)−1.0 (1.1)0.6 (0.5)0.0 (0.7)1.0 (0.3)
Phase 20.8 (1.4)2.3 (1.2)−1.6 (1.4)1.4 (1.0)1.0 (1.0)2.3 (0.9)
Phase 3−0.4 (1.5)3.0 (1.3)−0.8 (0.7)1.3 (1.0)1.3 (0.3)1.0 (0.7)