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Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 974038, 9 pages
Research Article

Gastroscopic Image Graph: Application to Noninvasive Multitarget Tracking under Gastroscopy

1College of Biomedical Engineering & Instrument Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027, China
2Key Laboratory for Biomedical Engineering, Ministry of Education, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310027, China
3Department of Gastroenterology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310016, China

Received 27 May 2014; Revised 9 August 2014; Accepted 9 August 2014; Published 24 August 2014

Academic Editor: Volkhard Helms

Copyright © 2014 Bin Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Gastroscopic examination is one of the most common methods for gastric disease diagnosis. In this paper, a multitarget tracking approach is proposed to assist endoscopists in identifying lesions under gastroscopy. This approach analyzes numerous preobserved gastroscopic images and constructs a gastroscopic image graph. In this way, the deformation registration between gastroscopic images is regarded as a graph search problem. During the procedure, the endoscopist marks suspicious lesions on the screen and the graph is utilized to locate and display the lesions in the appropriate frames based on the calculated registration model. Compared to traditional gastroscopic lesion surveillance methods (e.g., tattooing or probe-based optical biopsy), this approach is noninvasive and does not require additional instruments. In order to assess and quantify the performance, this approach was applied to stomach phantom data and in vivo data. The clinical experimental results demonstrated that the accuracy at angularis, antral, and stomach body was 6.3 ± 2.4 mm, 7.6 ± 3.1 mm, and 7.9 ± 1.6 mm, respectively. The mean accuracy was 7.31 mm, average targeting time was 56 ms, and the value was 0.032, which makes it an attractive candidate for clinical practice. Furthermore, this approach provides a significant reference for endoscopic target tracking of other soft tissue organs.