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Complexity
Volume 2018, Article ID 1923216, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1923216
Research Article

Team Resilience in Complex and Turbulent Environments: The Effect of Size and Density of Social Interactions

1Dipartimento di Meccanica Matematica e Management, Politecnico di Bari, Viale Japigia 182, 70126 Bari, Italy
2Center for Nonlinear Science, University of North Texas, P.O. Box 311427, Denton, TX 76203-1427, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Giuseppe Carbone; ti.abilop@enobrac

Received 27 October 2017; Revised 20 May 2018; Accepted 12 June 2018; Published 24 July 2018

Academic Editor: Hiroki Sayama

Copyright © 2018 Ilaria Giannoccaro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

How are teams able to cope with environmental threats? Why are some teams better than others in facing this challenge? This paper addresses these questions by investigating two drivers of team resilience: the team size and the density of social interactions among team members. We adopt a complex system approach and employ a model of team decision-making where collective dynamics of team members are governed by a continuous-time Markov process. The model simulates team performance in complex and turbulent environments. It is used to measure the resilient ability of team to quickly adapt to disturbance and secure a new more desirable condition. Scenarios characterized by increasing levels of complexity and turbulence are simulated, and the resilience performance is calculated and compared. Results show that the team size negatively affects the team resilience, whilst the density of social interactions plays a positive influence, especially at a high level of complexity. We also find that both the magnitude and the frequency of disturbance moderate the relationship between team size/density and the team resilience.