Table 5: The average fitness value of individuals during iterations.

Iteration numberOptimization methods
MHGWOSCAHGWOSCAGWOSCA

8188.1297.2597.1595.95
8297.3297.2597.1796.06
8397.3297.2597.1795.87
8497.3297.2597.1796.03
8597.3397.2697.1796.13
8689.7097.2597.1796.16
8797.3297.2597.1796.04
8897.3397.2597.1896.02
8997.3297.2597.1896.08
9097.3297.2597.1796.09
9188.8797.2697.1996.25
9297.3297.2597.1896.33
9397.3297.2597.1896.34
9497.3297.2597.1996.29
9597.3297.2697.1996.43
9688.9997.2697.1996.37
9797.3297.2697.1996.40
9897.3297.2697.1896.43
9997.3297.2697.1996.46
10097.3297.2697.1996.46