TY - JOUR
A2 - Xu, Yong
AU - Nowak, BartÅ‚omiej
AU - Sznajd-Weron, Katarzyna
PY - 2019
DA - 2019/04/18
TI - Homogeneous Symmetrical Threshold Model with Nonconformity: Independence versus Anticonformity
SP - 5150825
VL - 2019
AB - We study two variants of the modified Watts threshold model with a noise (with nonconformity, in the terminology of social psychology) on a complete graph. Within the first version, a noise is introduced via so-called independence, whereas in the second version anticonformity plays the role of a noise, which destroys the order. The modified Watts threshold model, studied here, is homogeneous and possesses an up-down symmetry, which makes it similar to other binary opinion models with a single-flip dynamics, such as the majority-vote and the q-voter models. Because within the majority-vote model with independence only continuous phase transitions are observed, whereas within the q-voter model with independence also discontinuous phase transitions are possible, we ask the question about the factor, which could be responsible for discontinuity of the order parameter. We investigate the model via the mean-field approach, which gives the exact result in the case of a complete graph, as well as via Monte Carlo simulations. Additionally, we provide a heuristic reasoning, which explains observed phenomena. We show that indeed if the threshold r=0.5, which corresponds to the majority-vote model, an order-disorder transition is continuous. Moreover, results obtained for both versions of the model (one with independence and the second one with anticonformity) give the same results, only rescaled by the factor of 2. However, for r>0.5 the jump of the order parameter and the hysteresis is observed for the model with independence, and both versions of the model give qualitatively different results.
SN - 1076-2787
UR - https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/5150825
DO - 10.1155/2019/5150825
JF - Complexity
PB - Hindawi
KW -
ER -