Complexity / 2019 / Article / Fig 6

Research Article

A Population-Based Optimization Method Using Newton Fractal

Figure 6

Choice of leading particles. (a) The top 5 rank performers are adopted out of 100 particles as leading particles. (b) The four best fitters and one 40th rank fitter are used. The blue and red dots indicate the cost values of ordinary and leading particles, respectively.
(a)
(b)