/ / / Alg 3

Research Article

# Metaheuristic Optimization of Fractional Order Incremental Conductance (FO-INC) Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)

## Algorithm 3

ALO-MPPT.
 Result: MPPT parameter to achieve MPP Initialize the first population of ants and antlions randomly while the termination criteria not achieved (MPP) do For (each antlion (i)) Select an antlion using Roulette wheel algorithm [16]. Simulate and calculate the MPP and the cost Function. if then The Best Cost (i) = Cost Function (i) The elite (i) = The The Best Solution (i) else The Best Cost (i) = The Best Cost (i − 1) The elite (i) = The Best Solution (i − 1) end (a) Update c and d using equations: and (b) Create a random walk and normalize it using: , where n = 1, 2, 3, …, n and (c) Update the position of antlions using (d) Calculate the fitness of all ants according to the optimum solutions calculated earlier end

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