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Research Article

Articulatory-to-Acoustic Conversion Using BiLSTM-CNN Word-Attention-Based Method

Table 1

Articulatory features.

Abbreviation for featuresDescription of features

Tongue root-XThe normalized back-forward velocity of the tongue root
Tongue root -ZThe normalized up-down velocity of the tongue root
Tongue body-XThe normalized back-forward velocity of the tongue mid
Tongue body-ZThe normalized up-down velocity of the tongue mid
Tongue tip-XThe normalized back-forward velocity of the tongue tip
Tongue tip-ZThe normalized up-down velocity of the tongue tip
Tongue constrictionThe kinematics range of tongue tip at back-forward direction
Lip apertureThe open degree of lips at up-down direction

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