Complexity / 2020 / Article / Fig 8

Research Article

Nonlinear Resonant Responses, Mode Interactions, and Multitime Periodic and Chaotic Oscillations of a Cantilevered Pipe Conveying Pulsating Fluid under External Harmonic Force

Figure 8

The bifurcation diagrams and maximum Lyapunov exponents of the cantilevered pipe conveying pulsating fluid are obtained for the external excitations when the flow velocity is . (a) versus external excitation, (b) versus external excitation, and (c) maximum Lyapunov exponents versus flow velocity.

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