Table of Contents
Conference Papers in Energy
Volume 2013, Article ID 437674, 9 pages
Conference Paper

Grid Code Requirements for Wind Power Integration in Europe

Institute for Power System Technology and Power Mechatronics, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany

Received 11 December 2012; Accepted 14 March 2013

Academic Editors: Y. Al-Assaf, P. Demokritou, and A. Poullikkas

This Conference Paper is based on a presentation given by Pavlos Tourou at “Power Options for the Eastern Mediterranean Region” held from 19 November 2012 to 21 November 2012 in Limassol, Cyprus.

Copyright © 2013 Constantinos Sourkounis and Pavlos Tourou. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


As the capacity of wind power continues to increase globally, stricter requirements regarding grid connection of wind generators are introduced by system operators. The development of wind turbine technology is inevitably affected by the new grid codes, and wind power plants are expected to support the grid and provide ancillary services much like conventional power plants. The most demanding regulations are found in Europe where wind penetration levels are higher. This paper presents the main aspects of current grid code requirements for the integration of wind power in European countries and suggests performance characteristics in order to satisfy the most demanding requirements. The dynamic behavior of wind turbines with doubly fed induction generators is investigated and a solution for low voltage ride through compliance is presented.