Table of Contents
Conference Papers in Energy
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 482743, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/482743
Conference Paper

Evaluation of a Multiple-Effect Distillation Unit under Partial Load Operating Conditions

1Energy Environment and Water Research Center, The Cyprus Institute, 2121 Nicosia, Cyprus
2Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
3The Cyprus Institute, 2121 Nicosia, Cyprus

Received 4 December 2012; Accepted 14 February 2013

Academic Editors: Y. Al-Assaf, P. Demokritou, A. Poullikkas, and C. Sourkounis

This Conference Paper is based on a presentation given by Marios C. Georgiou at “Power Options for the Eastern Mediterranean Region” held from 19 November 2012 to 21 November 2012 in Limassol, Cyprus.

Copyright © 2013 Marios C. Georgiou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The design of a multiple-effect distillation (MED) system is presented, and the results for partial load operation of a single-effect distillation unit are presented. The MED is designed to be driven by solar energy, and thus the dynamic performance and partial load operation production are of interest. Two operating modes are considered in the analysis, with and without the use of a flow distributor. Various tests were performed varying the heating steam flow rate and the intake seawater flow rate. Results are presented as a function of the performance ratio, representing the amount of distillate produced per unit mass of steam input. Results indicate that a higher performance is obtained with the use of the flow distributor.