Table of Contents
Conference Papers in Materials Science
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 651787, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/651787
Conference Paper

Preparation of Cellulosic Fibers from Sugarcane for Textile Use

1Laboratoire de Physique et de Mécanique Textiles-EAC CNRS 7189, Université de Haute Alsace 11 rue Alfred, Werner, 68093 Mulhouse, France
2Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique, pour le Développement, Avenue Agropolis, 34398 Montpellier Cedex 5, France

Received 30 April 2013; Accepted 8 September 2013

Academic Editors: R. Fangueiro and H. Hong

This Conference Paper is based on a presentation given by Davina Michel at “International Conference on Natural Fibers—Sustainable Materials for Advanced Applications 2013” held from 9 June 2013 to 11 June 2013 in Guimarães, Portugal.

Copyright © 2013 Davina Michel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The production of natural fibers is not sufficient to accommodate the textile needs of the growing world population. Therefore, textile research is exploring alternative natural resources to produce fibers. Though typically known for its nutritional use, the sugarcane can also be used for textile production because of its high fiber content. The aim of our study was to extract fibers from sugarcane and to analyze their mechanical behavior. Cane particles were treated with an alkaline solution in order to get cellulosic fibers. Physical and mechanical characterizations were carried out on these fibers: linear density, fineness, tensile properties, and bending rigidity. Their microstructure was analyzed to better understand their behavior. The results showed a strong influence of extraction parameters on the characteristics of fibers. Depending on these parameters, fibers fineness ranged from 8 to 80 tex, length ranged from 19 to 62 mm, and tenacity ranged from 7 and 25 cN/tex.