Table of Contents
Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
Volume 2010 (2010), Article ID 302102, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/302102
Research Article

Cardiovascular Diseases among Suiciders: A Population-Based Study in Northern Finland Population

1Department of Psychiatry, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 5000, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 26, 90029 OYS, Finland

Received 18 March 2010; Revised 23 May 2010; Accepted 18 June 2010

Academic Editor: Kate Scott

Copyright © 2010 Arja Mainio et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. Depression has been found to be an independent risk factor with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and also associated with increased mortality among these patients. Method. We used a comprehensive database of all suicides ( ) committed in Northern Finland with information on all hospital-treated cardiovascular diseases and psychiatric disorders. Results. Coronary artery disease (CAD) had been present in 7.7% and other cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in 11.6% of the suiciders. The likelihood of suicide for patients with hospital-treated CAD was estimated to be two-fold compared to the general population while likelihood for suicide was not elevated among those with other CVDs. Males with CAD and females with CAD or any CVD had been hospitalized significantly more often with depression compared to reference group. Conclusions. Suicidality among patients with cardiovascular diseases has been suggested to associate with depression. Psychiatric consultation is highly recommended in clinical practice for cardiac patients with depression or alcohol-related disorders.