Table of Contents
Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology
Volume 2014, Article ID 407808, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/407808
Research Article

Prevalence of Psychiatric Morbidities in Acute Coronary Heart Disease

University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences (USWR), Razi Psychiatric Hospital, Tehran 19646 33151, Iran

Received 12 June 2014; Revised 11 July 2014; Accepted 11 July 2014; Published 22 July 2014

Academic Editor: Koichi Hirata

Copyright © 2014 Saeed Shoja shafti. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Psychiatric problems and stresses may deteriorate the prognosis of patients with IHD. So evaluating their frequency possibly will promote our perspective regarding their vital importance in the field of consultation-liaison psychiatry. Method and Materials. One hundred and one (101) patients with IHD were interviewed in CCU of a general hospital by a psychiatrist to find whether there was any relationship between cardiac events and psychiatric problems or stresses. Results. Cardiac events were significantly more prevalent among patients with both psychiatric problems and biological risk factors ( ). Also, the number of patients suffering from psychiatric problems was significantly more than cases without that ( ). There was a significant difference between male and female patients regarding the type of stress ( ). 79% of total stresses were experienced by patients who had as well psychiatric problems ( ). In addition, there was significantly more dysthymic disorder in the acute group of patients in comparison with major or minor depressive disorder in the chronic group ( ). Conclusion. The high prevalence of psychiatric problems and psychosocial stresses among patients with IHD deserves sufficient attention by clinicians for detection, monitoring, and management of them.