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Case Reports in Cardiology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 204371, 3 pages
Case Report

A Family History of Dilated Cardiomyopathy Induced by Viral Myocarditis

1Department of Cardiology, University Hospital of Rangueil, 1 Avenue Jean Poulhès, 31059 Toulouse Cedex 9, France
2Cardiac Imaging Center, University Hospital of Toulouse, Toulouse, France
3Department of Nuclear Medicine, University Hospital of Toulouse, Toulouse, France
4Rangueil Medical School, Toulouse, France
5Purpan Medical School, Toulouse, France

Received 15 December 2011; Accepted 3 February 2012

Academic Editors: H. Kitaoka, A. Movahed, and J. Peteiro

Copyright © 2012 Thomas Cognet et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Myocarditis can lead to acute heart failure, cardiogenic shock, or sudden death and later, dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with chronic heart failure. We report the cases of two DCM induced by acute and past myocarditis in the same family and expressed by its two main complications within few weeks: an hemodynamic presentation as a fulminant myocarditis rapidly leading to cardiac tranplantation and a rythmologic presentation as an electrical storm leading to catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia. These cases ask the question of the family predisposition to viral myocarditis leading to DCM.