Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Cardiology
Volume 2015, Article ID 978906, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/978906
Case Report

A Whole-Food Plant-Based Diet Reversed Angina without Medications or Procedures

1Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10467, USA
2Department of Medicine, Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
3New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA

Received 19 December 2014; Accepted 28 January 2015

Academic Editor: Markus Ferrari

Copyright © 2015 Daniele Massera et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. J. Stone, J. G. Robinson, A. H. Lichtenstein et al., “2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines,” Circulation, vol. 129, no. 25, supplement 2, pp. S1–S45, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. R. Ferdowsian and N. D. Barnard, “Effects of plant-based diets on plasma lipids,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 104, no. 7, pp. 947–956, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. N. D. Barnard, J. Cohen, D. J. A. Jenkins et al., “A low-fat vegan diet improves glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors in a randomized clinical trial in individuals with type 2 diabetes,” Diabetes Care, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1777–1783, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. D. Barnard, J. Cohen, D. J. A. Jenkins et al., “A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74-wk clinical trial,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 89, no. 5, pp. 1588S–1596S, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Mishra, J. Xu, U. Agarwal, J. Gonzales, S. Levin, and N. D. Barnard, “A multicenter randomized controlled trial of a plant-based nutrition program to reduce body weight and cardiovascular risk in the corporate setting: the GEICO study,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 67, no. 7, pp. 718–724, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. J. A. Jenkins, J. M. W. Wong, C. W. C. Kendall et al., “The effect of a plant-based low-carbohydrate (‘Eco-Atkins’) diet on body weight and blood lipid concentrations in hyperlipidemic subjects,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 169, no. 11, pp. 1046–1054, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. McDougall, L. E. Thomas, C. McDougall et al., “Effects of 7 days on an ad libitum low-fat vegan diet: the McDougall Program cohort,” Nutrition Journal, vol. 13, no. 1, article 99, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. G. Fraser, S. Katuli, R. Anousheh, S. Knutsen, P. Herring, and J. Fan, “Vegetarian diets and cardiovascular risk factors in black members of the adventist health study-2,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 537–545, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. H. S. Dod, R. Bhardwaj, V. Sajja et al., “Effect of intensive lifestyle changes on endothelial function and on inflammatory markers of atherosclerosis,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 362–367, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. Ornish, S. E. Brown, L. W. Scherwitz et al., “Can lifestyle changes reverse coronary heart disease? The Lifestyle Heart Trial,” The Lancet, vol. 336, no. 8708, pp. 129–133, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. B. Esselstyn Jr., S. G. Ellis, S. V. Medendorp, and T. D. Crowe, “A strategy to arrest and reverse coronary artery disease: a 5-year longitudinal study of a single physician's practice,” Journal of Family Practice, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 560–568, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. B. Esselstyn Jr., “Updating a 12-year experience with arrest and reversal therapy for coronary heart disease (an overdue requiem for palliative cardiology),” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 339–341, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. B. Esselstyn, G. Gendy, J. Doyle, M. Golubic, and M. F. Roizen, “A way to reverse CAD?” The Journal of Family Practice, vol. 63, no. 7, pp. 356–364, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  14. M. J. Orlich, P. N. Singh, J. Sabaté et al., “Vegetarian dietary patterns and mortality in adventist health study 2,” JAMA Internal Medicine, vol. 173, no. 13, pp. 1230–1238, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. Bamia, D. Trichopoulos, P. Ferrari et al., “Dietary patterns and survival of older Europeans: the EPIC-Elderly Study (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition),” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 590–598, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. X. Wang, Y. Ouyang, J. Liu et al., “Fruit and vegetable consumption and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies,” The British Medical Journal, vol. 349, Article ID g4490, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. Y. Bao, J. Han, F. B. Hu et al., “Association of nut consumption with total and cause-specific mortality,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 369, no. 21, pp. 2001–2011, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. K. Gupta, R. C. Sawhney, L. Rai et al., “Regression of coronary atherosclerosis through healthy lifestyle in coronary artery disease patients—Mount Abu Open Heart Trial,” Indian Heart Journal, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 461–469, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. Michaelsson, A. Wolk, S. Langenskiold et al., “Milk intake and risk of mortality and fractures in women and men: cohort studies,” The British Medical Journal, vol. 349, Article ID g6015, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. R. A. Koeth, Z. Wang, B. S. Levison et al., “Intestinal microbiota metabolism of L-carnitine, a nutrient in red meat, promotes atherosclerosis,” Nature Medicine, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 576–585, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. W. H. W. Tang, Z. Wang, B. S. Levison et al., “Intestinal microbial metabolism of phosphatidylcholine and cardiovascular risk,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 368, no. 17, pp. 1575–1584, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. C. Campbell, B. Parpia, and J. Chen, “Diet, lifestyle, and the etiology of coronary artery disease: the Cornell China study,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 82, no. 10, pp. 18T–21T, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. P. F. Sinnett and H. M. Whyte, “Epidemiological studies in a total highland population, Tukisenta, New Guinea. Cardiovascular disease and relevant clinical, electrocardiographic, radiological and biochemical findings,” Journal of Chronic Diseases, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 265–290, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. E. Connor, M. T. Cerqueira, R. W. Connor, R. B. Wallace, M. R. Malinow, and H. R. Casdorph, “The plasma lipids, lipoproteins, and diet of the Tarahumara Indians of Mexico,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1131–1142, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. H. Trowell, N. Painter, and D. Burkitt, “Aspects of the epidemiology of diverticular disease and ischemic heart disease,” The American Journal of Digestive Diseases, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 864–873, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Strom and R. A. Jensen, “Mortality from circulatory diseases in Norway 1940–1945,” The Lancet, vol. 1, no. 6647, pp. 126–129, 1951. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. A. Hyder, C. A. Thomson, L. Natarajan et al., “Adopting a plant-based diet minimally increased food costs in WHEL study,” American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 530–539, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. N. C. Peters, I. R. Contento, F. Kronenberg, and M. Coleton, “Adherence in a 1-year whole foods eating pattern intervention with healthy postmenopausal women,” Public Health Nutrition, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2806–2815, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus