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Case Reports in Cardiology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1384905, 4 pages
Case Report

Aneurysm of the Pulmonary Artery in Fallot’s Tetralogy

1Unit of Cardiology A, Ibn Sina University Hospital, Rabat, Morocco
2Physiology of Exercise Team (EPE), Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco

Correspondence should be addressed to Kawtar Afrikh

Received 30 January 2017; Revised 4 April 2017; Accepted 6 April 2017; Published 22 May 2017

Academic Editor: Ramazan Akdemir

Copyright © 2017 Kawtar Afrikh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Pulmonary artery aneurysms are a rare entity. Etiologies of these findings are multiple, but they are exceptionally associated with Fallot’s Tetralogy. In this study, we present an unusual case of an important aneurysm of the left pulmonary artery associated with Fallot’s Tetralogy disease. Case Presentation. A 30-year-old woman has been admitted for dyspnea and cyanosis. The data which had been obtained from echocardiography, cardiac catheterization, and angio-magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) suggested the existence of an important aneurysm of the left pulmonary artery associated with a regular Fallot’s disease with a pulmonic stenosis. We have noticed the presence of a small restrictive patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Therefore, the patient was referred to surgical correction. Conclusion. Pulmonary artery aneurysms associated with Fallot’s Tetralogy are rarely reported. The natural history of these rare arterial aneurysms has to be clarified.