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Case Reports in Cardiology
Volume 2017, Article ID 2865305, 4 pages
Case Report

Type A Quadricuspid Aortic Valve Infective Endocarditis Complicated by Multiple Aortocardiac Fistulae: Case Report and Brief Literature Review

1Mohammed VI University Hospital, Oujda University, BP 4806, 60049 Oujda, Morocco
2Department of Cardiology, Mohammed VI University Hospital, 60049 Oujda, Morocco

Correspondence should be addressed to Amine Ghalem; moc.liamg@4102idmahmmiharb

Received 17 March 2017; Accepted 3 May 2017; Published 18 May 2017

Academic Editor: Man-Hong Jim

Copyright © 2017 Amine Ghalem et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aortocardiac fistulae (ACF) are exceptionally due to infective endocarditis; they are usually congenital, posttraumatic, or complicate aortic dissection. In infective endocarditis setting, their presence should prompt urgent surgery as patients can deteriorate rapidly. We report the case of a 78-year-old female patient with the first ever reported quadricuspid aortic valve infective endocarditis complicated by multiple aortocardiac fistulae. Additionally, we provide a brief review of ACF, in infective endocarditis and quadricuspid aortic valve.