Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Cardiology
Volume 2017, Article ID 7283606, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7283606
Case Report

Neuropsychological Outcome following Resuscitation after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A One-Year Follow-Up

1Department of Neurology, Christophorus-Kliniken Dülmen, Vollenstr. 10, 48249 Dülmen, Germany
2Department of Cardiology, Christophorus-Kliniken Dülmen, Vollenstr. 10, 48249 Dülmen, Germany

Correspondence should be addressed to Jeannette Overbeck; ed.nekinilk-surohpotsirhc@kcebrevo.ettennaej

Received 21 March 2017; Revised 19 June 2017; Accepted 3 July 2017; Published 6 August 2017

Academic Editor: Ramazan Akdemir

Copyright © 2017 Jeannette Overbeck and Frank-Michael Schweers. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. V. R. M. P. Moulaert, J. A. Verbunt, C. M. van Heugten et al., “Activity and life after survival of a cardiac arrest (ALASCA) and the effectiveness of an early intervention service: Design of a randomised controlled trial,” BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, vol. 7, article 26, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. R. Daya, R. H. Schmicker, D. M. Zive et al., “Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival improving over time: Results from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC),” Resuscitation, vol. 91, pp. 108–115, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J.-T. Gräsner, G. Geldner, C. Werner et al., “Optimierung der Reanimationsversorgung in Deutschland,” Notfall + Rettungsmedizin, vol. 17, pp. 314–316, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. R. Grubb, R. O'Carroll, S. M. Cobbe, J. Sirel, and K. A. A. Fox, “Chronic memory impairment after cardiac arrest outside hospital,” British Medical Journal, vol. 313, no. 7050, pp. 143–146, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Fischer, N. J. Fischer, and J. Schüttler, “One-year survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Bonn city: Outcome report according to the ‘Utstein style’,” Resuscitation, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 233–243, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J.-T. Gräsner, J. Wnent, I. Gräsner, S. Seewald, M. Fischer, and T. Jantzen, “Influence of basic bystander resuscitation measures on survival after sudden cardiac arrest,” Notfall + Rettungsmedizin, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 593–599, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Schneider, B. W. Böttiger, and E. Popp, “Cerebral resuscitation after cardiocirculatory arrest,” Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 971–979, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Prohl, B. Hundt, and S. Bodenburg, “Hypoxisch-ischämische Enzephalopathie (HIE) nach Herz-Kreislaufstillstand (HKS) – Pathophysiologie, Prognose und Outcome eines, vernachlässigten ‘Krankheitsbildes’,” Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 51–64, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. V. R. M. P. Moulaert, J. A. Verbunt, C. M. van Heugten, and D. T. Wade, “Cognitive impairments in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a systematic review,” Resuscitation, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 297–305, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. D. Caine and J. D. G. Watson, “Neuropsychological and neuropathological sequelae of cerebral anoxia: A critical review,” Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 86–99, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Ørbo, P. M. Aslaksen, K. Larsby et al., “Determinants of cognitive outcome in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest,” Resuscitation, vol. 85, no. 11, pp. 1462–1468, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. P. Alexander, G. Lafleche, D. Schnyer, C. Lim, and M. Verfaellie, “Cognitive and functional outcome after out of hospital cardiac arrest,” Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 364–368, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. B. A. Wilson, “Cognitive functioning of adult survivors of cerebral hypoxia,” Brain Injury, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 863–874, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. G. Armengol, “Acute oxygen deprivation: Neuropsychological profiles and implications for rehabilitation,” Brain Injury, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 237–250, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. C. Lim, M. P. Alexander, G. LaFleche, D. M. Schnyer, and M. Verfaellie, “The neurological and cognitive sequelae of cardiac arrest,” Neurology, vol. 63, no. 10, pp. 1774–1778, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. D. Raina, J. C. Rittenberger, M. B. Holm, and C. W. Callaway, “Functional outcomes: one year after a cardiac arrest,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2015, Article ID 283608, 8 pages, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. M. J. Sauve, N. Doolittle, J. A. Walker, S. M. Paul, and M. M. Scheinman, “Factors associated with cognitive recovery after cardiopulmonary resuscitation,” American Journal of Critical Care, vol. 5, pp. 127–139, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  18. M. Tiainen, E. Poutiainen, T. Kovala, O. Takkunen, O. Häppölä, and R. O. Roine, “Cognitive and neurophysiological outcome of cardiac arrest survivors treated with therapeutic hypothermia,” Stroke, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 2303–2308, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Ørbo, P. M. Aslaksen, K. Larsby, C. Schäfer, P. M. Tande, and A. Anke, “Alterations in cognitive outcome between 3 and 12 months in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest,” Resuscitation, vol. 105, pp. 92–99, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. R. Tilz, L. Fedele, K. Satomi, K. H. Kuck, and M. Antz, “Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation,” Herz, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 233–239, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. “LL 94 2012 Diagnostik und Therapie von Gedächtnisstörungen,” https://www.dgn.org/leitlinien/aktualisierungen.
  22. “LL 93 2012 Diagnostik und Therapie von Aufmerksamkeitsstörungen bei neurologischen Erkrankungen,” https://www.dgn.org/leitlinien/aktualisierungen.
  23. “LL 95 2012 Diagnostik und Therapie von exekutiven Dysfunktionen bei neurologischen Erkrankungen,” https://www.dgn.org/leitlinien/aktualisierungen.
  24. G. Lienert, Testaufbau und Testanalyse, Beltz, Weinheim, Germany, 1969.
  25. G. J. Chelune, R. I. Naugle, H. Lüders, J. Sedlak, and I. A. Awad, “Individual change after epilepsy surgery: practice effects and base-rate information,” Neuropsychology, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 41–52, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. Ringendahl, “Neuropsychologische Verlaufsdiagnostik bei Parkinson-Patienten – Darstellung kritischer Test-Retestdifferenzen für die Einzelfalldiagnostik,” Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 253–266, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. S. Lux, C. Helmstaedter, and C. E. Elger, “Normative study on the ‘Verbaler Lern- Und Merkfähigkeitstest’ (VLMT),” Diagnostica, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 205–211, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. Härting, H. J. Markowitsch, H. Neufeld et al., Wechsler Gedächtnistest – Revidierte Fassung, Hans Huber, Bern, Germany, 2000.
  29. O. Spreen and E. Strauss, A Compendium of Neuropsychological Tests, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 1998.
  30. A. Casarotti, C. Papagno, and B. Zarino, “Modified Taylor Complex Figure: Normative data from 290 adults,” Journal of Neuropsychology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 186–198, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. F. Ingram, V. M. Soukup, and P. T. Fishel Ingram, “The Medical College of Georgia complex figures: Reliability and preliminary normative data using an intentional learning paradigm in older adults,” Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 144–146, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. Zimmermann and B. Fimm, TAP Testbatterie zur Aufmerksamkeitsprüfung, Version 2.1, Psytest, Herzogenrath, Germany, 2007.
  33. W. D. Oswald and U. M. Fleischmann, Nürnberger Alters-Inventar (NAI), Hogrefe, Göttingen, Germany, 1997.
  34. O. Tucha and K. W. Lange, Turm von London – Deutsche Version, Hogrefe, Göttingen, Germany, 2004.
  35. S. Aschenbrenner, O. Tucha, and K. W. Lange, RWT Regensburger Wortflüssigkeits-Test, Hogrefe, Göttingen, Germany, 2000.
  36. T. Haid, C. Martl, F. Schubert, M. Wenzl, M. Kofler, and L. Saltuari, “HAMASCH 5 Punkt Test,” erste Normierungsergebnisse. Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie, vol. 13, p. 233, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  37. M. F. Weiner, L. S. Hynan, H. Rossetti, and J. Falkowski, “Luria's three-step test: What is it and what does it tell us?” International Psychogeriatrics, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1602–1606, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. Zaudig and W. Hiller, SIDAM – Handbuch, Huber, Bern, Germany, 1996.
  39. T. Luck, S. G. Riedel-Heller, B. Wiese et al., “CERAD-NP battery: Age-, gender- and education-specific reference values for selected subtests. Results of the German study on ageing, cognition and dementia in primary care patients (AgeCoDe),” Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 372–384, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. R. O. Roine, S. Kajaste, and M. Kaste, “Neuropsychological sequelae of cardiac arrest,” JAMA, vol. 269, no. 2, pp. 237–242, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. M. Bullinger, I. Kirchberger, and J. Ware, “Der deutsche SF-36 Health Survey Übersetzung und psychometrische Testung eines krankheitsübergreifenden Instruments zur Erfassung der gesundheitsbezogenen Lebensqualität,” Journal of Public Health, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 21–36, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  42. E. D. Bigler and M. Alfano, “Anoxic encephalopathy: Neuroradiological and neuropsychological findings,” Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 383–396, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. A. P. van Alem, R. de Vos, B. Schmand, and R. W. Koster, “Cognitive impairment in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest,” American Heart Journal, vol. 148, no. 3, pp. 416–421, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. M. Tiainen, E. Poutiainen, T. Oksanen et al., “Functional outcome, cognition and quality of life after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and therapeutic hypothermia: Data from a randomized controlled trial,” Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, vol. 23, no. 1, article no. 12, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. S. Khot and D. L. Tirschwell, “Long-term neurological complications after hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy,” Seminars in Neurology, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 422–431, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. G. H. Lim and E. Seow, “Resuscitation for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: Singapore,” Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 96–101, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. R. Kowalik, E. Szczerba, Ł. Kołtowski et al., “Cardiac arrest survivors treated with or without mild therapeutic hypothermia: Performance status and quality of life assessment,” Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, vol. 22, no. 1, article no. 76, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. E. M. Wachelder, V. R. M. P. Moulaert, C. van Heugten, J. A. Verbunt, S. C. A. M. Bekkers, and D. T. Wade, “Life after survival: Long-term daily functioning and quality of life after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest,” Resuscitation, vol. 80, no. 5, pp. 517–522, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus