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Case Reports in Cardiology
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 8395260, 5 pages
Case Report

Spontaneous Regression of Cardiac Rhabdomyoma Presenting as Severe Left Ventricular Inlet Obstruction in a Neonate with Tuberous Sclerosis

Department of Pediatrics, Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Republic of Korea

Correspondence should be addressed to Young Kuk Cho

Received 4 June 2017; Accepted 27 November 2017; Published 28 January 2018

Academic Editor: Assad Movahed

Copyright © 2018 Eun Song Song et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Cardiac rhabdomyoma can be subclinical or have a fatal presentation according to the onset age and involved site, size, and degree of invasion. Although most cardiac rhabdomyomas become smaller with time, emergency intervention is indicated when severe obstruction has occurred. In this report, we describe the spontaneous regression of a large cardiac rhabdomyoma (20.5 × 15.6 mm) presenting as severe left ventricular inlet obstruction in a neonate with tuberous sclerosis. Although a cardiac rhabdomyoma can be large enough to induce left ventricular inlet obstruction, conservative treatment without aggressive surgical intervention can be considered if the hemodynamic condition does not deteriorate.