Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Critical Care
Volume 2011, Article ID 138341, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/138341
Case Report

Herpes Simplex Virus Hepatitis in an Immunocompetent Adult: A Fatal Outcome due to Liver Failure

1Department of Emergency Medicine and Department of Critical Care Medicine, Kingston General Hospital, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 2V7
2Department of Pathology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON, Canada K7L 3N6

Received 27 July 2011; Accepted 18 September 2011

Academic Editors: M. Egi and K. S. Waxman

Copyright © 2011 Rachel A. Poley et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Riediger, P. Sauer, E. Matevossian, M. W. Müller, P. Büchler, and H. Friess, “Herpes simplex virus sepsis and acute liver failure,” Clinical Transplantation, vol. 23, no. 21, pp. 37–41, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. F. V. Schiødt, T. J. Davern, A. O. Shakil, B. McGuire, G. Samuel, and W. M. Lee, “Viral hepatitis-related acute liver failure,” American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 448–453, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. P. Norvell, A. T. Blei, B. D. Jovanovic, and J. Levitsky, “Herpes simplex virus hepatitis: an analysis of the published literature and institutional cases,” Liver Transplantation, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1428–1434, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Polson and W. M. Lee, “AASLD position paper: the management of acute liver failure,” Hepatology, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1179–1197, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Velasco, E. Llamas, M. Guijarro-Rojas, and M. Ruiz-Yagüe, “Fulminant herpes hepatitis in a healthy adult: a treatable disorder,” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 386–389, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. J. Peters, W. H. Greene, F. Ruggiero, and T. J. McGarrity, “Herpes simplex-induced fulminant hepatitis in adults a call for empiric therapy,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 45, no. 12, pp. 2399–2404, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. W. Farr, S. Short, and D. Weissman, “Fulminant hepatitis during herpes simplex virus infection in apparently immunocompetent adults: report of two cases and review of the literature,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1191–1194, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. D. Pinna, J. Rakela, A. J. Demetris, and J. J. Fung, “Five cases of fulminant hepatitis due to herpes simplex virus in adults,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 750–754, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. G. L. Goyert, S. F. Bottoms, and R. J. Sokol, “Anicteric presentation of fatal herpetic hepatitis in pregnancy,” Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 585–588, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. H. Kang and C. R. Graves, “Herpes simplex hepatitis in pregnancy: a case report and review of the literature,” Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 463–468, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Miyazaki, S. Akizuki, H. Sakaoka, S. Yamamoto, and H. Terao, “Disseminated infection of herpes simplex virus with fulminant hepatitis in a healthy adult. A case report,” APMIS, vol. 99, no. 11, pp. 1001–1007, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Manoux, F. Ferchal, and L. Bars, “Lethal herpetic hepatitis in a healthy adult,” Gastroenterologie Clinique et Biologique, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 340–345, 1983. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Z. D. Goodman, K. G. Ishak, and I. A. Sesterhenn, “Herpes simplex hepatitis in apparently immunocompetent adults,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 85, no. 6, pp. 694–699, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. T. Czartoski, C. Liu, D. M. Koelle, S. Schmechel, A. Kalus, and A. Wald, “Fulminant, acyclovir-resistant, herpes simplex virus type 2 hepatitis in an immunocompetent woman,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 1584–1586, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Sharma and M. Mosunjac, “Herpes simplex hepatitis in adults: a search for muco-cutaneous clues,” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 697–704, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. L. Abbo, M. L. Alcaide, J. R. Pano, P. G. Robinson, and R. E. Campo, “Fulminant hepatitis from herpes simplex virus type 2 in an immunocompetent adult,” Transplant Infectious Disease, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 323–326, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. V. Glorioso, P. J. Molloy, D. H. Van Thiel, and R. J. Kania, “Successful empiric treatment of HSV hepatitis in pregnancy. Case report and review of the literature,” Digestive Diseases and Sciences, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 1273–1275, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. M. Jacques and F. Qureshi, “Herpes simplex virus hepatitis in pregnancy: a clinicopathologic study of three cases,” Human Pathology, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 183–187, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Mudido, G. S. Marshall, R. S. Howell, D. S. Schmid, S. Steger, and G. Adams, “Disseminated herpes simplex virus infection during pregnancy: a case report,” Journal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist, vol. 38, no. 12, pp. 964–968, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Ichai, A. M. Roque Afonso, M. Sebagh et al., “Herpes simplex virus-associated acute liver failure: a difficult diagnosis with a poor prognosis,” Liver Transplantation, vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1550–1555, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. C. G. Fink, S. J. Read, J. Hopkin, T. Peto, S. Gould, and J. B. Kurtz, “Acute herpes hepatitis in pregnancy,” Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 968–971, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. Montalbano, G. I. Slapak-Green, and G. W. Neff, “Fulminant hepatic failure from herpes simplex virus: post liver transplantation acyclovir therapy and literature review,” Transplantation Proceedings, vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 4393–4396, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. J. Shanley, D. K. Braun, K. Brown et al., “Fulminant hepatic failure secondary to herpes simplex virus hepatitis. Successful outcome after orthotopic liver transplantation,” Transplantation, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 145–149, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. J. Joseph and P. J. Vogt, “Disseminated herpes with hepatoadrenal necrosis in an adult,” American Journal of Medicine, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 735–739, 1974. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. L. Özokcu, L. M. de Bruijckere, J. Jansen, and M. D. van den Berge, “Herpes simplex virus-induced hepatitis: rare in immunocompetent patients,” Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, vol. 153, no. 29, pp. 1444–1447, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus