Case Reports in Critical Care / 2016 / Article / Tab 2

Case Report

Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis in a Patient with Cocaine Intoxication

Table 2

Major differences between hyperglycemic DKA and euglycemic DKA.

Hyperglycemic DKAEuglycemic DKA

Blood glucose > 250 mg/dL, arterial pH < 7.3, and serum bicarbonate < 18 mEq/LBlood glucose < 200 mg/dL, arterial pH < 7.3, and serum bicarbonate < 18 mEq/L
Insulin deficiency and increased counter regulatory hormones causing hyperglycemiaInsulin deficiency and increased counter regulatory hormones causing hyperglycemia and starvation from any cause euglycemia
Triggered by infections, concurrent illnesses, and dehydrationAs a result of decreased circulating glucose in starvation, cirrhosis, exogenous insulin use, SGLT-2 inhibitors, pancreatitis, depression, and so forth

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.