Major differences between hyperglycemic DKA and euglycemic DKA.
|Hyperglycemic DKA||Euglycemic DKA|
|Blood glucose > 250 mg/dL, arterial pH < 7.3, and serum bicarbonate < 18 mEq/L||Blood glucose < 200 mg/dL, arterial pH < 7.3, and serum bicarbonate < 18 mEq/L|
|Insulin deficiency and increased counter regulatory hormones causing hyperglycemia||Insulin deficiency and increased counter regulatory hormones causing hyperglycemia and starvation from any cause euglycemia|
|Triggered by infections, concurrent illnesses, and dehydration||As a result of decreased circulating glucose in starvation, cirrhosis, exogenous insulin use, SGLT-2 inhibitors, pancreatitis, depression, and so forth|