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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 513153, 5 pages
Case Report

Idiopathic Gingival Fibromatosis Rehabilitation: A Case Report with Two-Year Followup

1Noorul Islam College of Dental Sciences, Aralammoodu PO, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala 695123, India
2SGT Dental College, Hospital & Research Institute, Gurgaon, Delhi, India

Received 31 January 2013; Accepted 3 March 2013

Academic Editors: G. Schierano and L. C. Spolidorio

Copyright © 2013 Mahesh Jayachandran et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Gingival enlargements are quite common and may be either inflammatory, noninflammatory, or a combination of both. Gingival hyperplasia is a bizarre condition causing esthetic, functional, psychological, and masticatory disturbances of the oral cavity. Causes of gingival enlargement can be due to plaque accumulation, due to poor oral hygiene, inadequate nutrition, or systemic hormonal stimulation (Bakaeen and Scully, 1998). It can occur as an isolated disease or as part of a syndrome or chromosomal abnormality. A progressive fibrous enlargement of the gingiva is a facet of idiopathic fibrous hyperplasia of the gingiva (Carranza and Hogan, 2002; Gorlin et al., 1976). It is described variously as fibromatosis gingivae, gingivostomatitis, hereditary gingival fibromatosis, idiopathic fibromatosis, familial elephantiasis, and diffuse fibroma. We present a case of idiopathic gingival fibromatosis with its multidisciplinary approach of management.