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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 146989, 6 pages
Case Report

Plexiform Unicystic Ameloblastoma: A Rare Variant of Ameloblastoma

1Department of Oral Pathology & Microbiology, Jawahar Medical Foundation’s Annasaheb Chudaman Patil Memorial Dental College & Hospital, Sakri Road, Morane, Dhule, Maharashtra 424001, India
2Department of Oral Pathology & Microbiology, Mahatma Gandhi Vidyamandir’s Karmaveer Bhausaheb Hiray Dental College & Hospital, Nashik, Maharashtra 422003, India

Received 13 June 2014; Revised 25 July 2014; Accepted 28 July 2014; Published 14 August 2014

Academic Editor: Tommaso Lombardi

Copyright © 2014 Swapnil S. Deore et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The term plexiform unicystic ameloblastoma refers to a pattern of epithelial proliferation that has been described in cystic cavity. Because of unilocular presentation, it is commonly misdiagnosed as an odontogenic cyst. However, they may often behave clinically as biologically aggressive tumors. These tumors show high incidence of cortical perforation, tooth resorption and a high rate of recurrence after simple enucleation. This paper aims to provide an insight into this biologically distinct entity. A literature review on the topic has been added along with a case report highlighting the approach of diagnosis and management of such ameloblastomas.