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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2014, Article ID 353580, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/353580
Case Report

Arteriovenous Malformation of the Oral Cavity

1Department of Oral Pathology & Microbiology, MM College of Dental Sciences, MM University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana 133207, India
2Department of Periodontics, RKDF Dental College and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462026, Madhya Pradesh, India
3Department of Oral Pathology & Microbiology, Gian Sagar Dental College, Rajpura, Punjab 140401, India
4Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, MIDSR Dental College and Hospital, Latur, Maharashtra 413531, India
5Baba Jaswant Singh Dental College, Ludhiana, Punjab 141010, India
6Department of Oral Pathology & Microbiology, Surendera Dental College and Research Institute, Sriganganagar, Rajasthan 335001, India
7Department of Oral Pathology & Microbiology, Dr. Harvansh Singh Judge Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India

Received 28 November 2013; Accepted 31 December 2013; Published 10 February 2014

Academic Editors: Y.-C. Hung and S. R. Watt-Smith

Copyright © 2014 S. M. Manjunath et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Vascular anomalies are a heterogeneous group of congenital blood vessel disorders more typically referred to as birthmarks. Subcategorized into vascular tumors and malformations, each anomaly is characterized by specific morphology, pathophysiology, clinical behavior, and management approach. Hemangiomas are the most common vascular tumors. Lymphatic, capillary, venous, and arteriovenous malformations make up the majority of vascular malformations. Arteriovenous malformation of the head and neck is a rare vascular anomaly but when present is persistent and progressive in nature and can represent a lethal benign disease. Here we present a case report of a 25-year-old male patient with arteriovenous malformation involving the base of tongue.