Endoscopic Removal of a Supernumerary Premolar in the Mandible during a Dental Implant Placement
Endoscopic visualization techniques in oral surgery and implantology. (a) Support Endoscopy (SE). A Karl Storz optic (2.7 mm diameter) with support and irrigation sheath. (b) Immersion endoscopy (IE). Sterile equipment, Karl Storz optic (1.9 mm diameter) with supporting sheath to accommodate the 1.9 mm diameter optic connected to saline irrigation, tip modified to adapt to the dental alveolus.