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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 319738, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/319738
Case Report

An Uncommon Case of Solitary Peripheral Osteoma in the Mandible

1Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Maharana Pratap College of Dentistry and Research Centre, Gwalior 475001, India
2Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Maharana Pratap College of Dentistry and Research Centre, Gwalior 475001, India
3Private practice, Bhargava Industries, Industrial State, Govinpura Bhopal 462023, India
4Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Chhattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute, Rajnandgaon 491441, India
5Department of ENT, Agrawal Hospital and Research Institute, H-204, Madhav Nagar, Gwalior 474001, India

Received 6 July 2015; Revised 6 December 2015; Accepted 8 December 2015

Academic Editor: Luis M. J. Gutierrez

Copyright © 2015 Rohit Agrawal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Osteoma is a benign osteogenic lesion which is composed of well differentiated mature compact and/or cancellous bone that proliferates continuously. Its prevalence is 4%. Its pathogenesis is still controversial. Solitary peripheral osteoma of craniofacial region is a rare finding. We report a case of 30-year-old female having solitary peripheral osteoma present on the lingual cortex of the left posterior mandible which was initially asymptomatic but now is causing discomfort while chewing and not associated with Gardner’s syndrome. We also laid emphasis on its clinical, differential diagnosis, radiological, surgical, and histopathological features. The aim of this paper is to present an uncommon case of solitary peripheral osteoma in the mandible along with analysis of literature for peripheral osteomas of jaws and to contribute to the knowledge concerning the pathogenesis, differential diagnosis, and management of these lesions.