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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2015, Article ID 510589, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/510589
Case Report

Aesthetic Depigmentation of Gingival Smoker’s Melanosis Using Carbon Dioxide Lasers

1Medicine and Oral Surgery Department and Institute of Research and Advanced Training in Health Sciences and Technologies (IINFACTS), Higher Institute of Health Sciences (ISCS-N), CESPU, 4585-116 Paredes, Portugal
2Stomatology and Dental Medicine Department (CESPU), Centro Hospitalar de São João, Polo de Valongo, 4440-563 Valongo, Portugal
3Oral Medicine Department, Birmingham Dental Hospital, School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B4 6NN, UK

Received 11 January 2015; Revised 20 March 2015; Accepted 24 March 2015

Academic Editor: Maddalena Manfredi

Copyright © 2015 Luis Silva Monteiro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Melanic pigmentation results from melanin produced by the melanocytes present in the basal layer of the oral epithelium. One of the most common causes of oral pigmentation is smoker melanosis, a condition associated with the melanocyte stimulation caused by cigarette smoke. This paper aims to illustrate the use of a carbon dioxide laser in the removal of the gingival melanic pigmentation for aesthetic reasons in a 27-year-old female patient with history of a smoking habit. The carbon dioxide laser vaporisation was performed on the gingival mucosa with effective and quick results and without any complications or significant symptoms after the treatment. We conclude that a carbon dioxide laser could be a useful, effective, and safe instrument to treat the aesthetic complications caused by oral smoker melanosis.