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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 2491714, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2491714
Case Report

Peri-Implant Bone Loss and Peri-Implantitis: A Report of Three Cases and Review of the Literature

Department of Periodontics and Allied Dental Program, Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA

Received 28 July 2016; Revised 19 September 2016; Accepted 3 October 2016

Academic Editor: Jamil A. Shibli

Copyright © 2016 Vanchit John et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Dental implant supported restorations have been added substantially to the clinical treatment options presented to patients. However, complications with these treatment options also arise due to improper patient selection and inadequate treatment planning combined with poor follow-up care. The complications related to the presence of inflammation include perimucositis, peri-implant bone loss, and peri-implantitis. Prevalence rates of these complications have been reported to be as high as 56%. Treatment options that have been reported include nonsurgical therapy, the use of locally delivered and systemically delivered antibiotics, and surgical protocols aimed at regenerating the lost bone and soft tissue around the implants. The aim of this article is to report on three cases and review some of the treatment options used in their management.