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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 4802637, 10 pages
Case Report

Lateralization Technique and Inferior Alveolar Nerve Transposition

1Department of Post Graduation, Division of Implantology, School of Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro (UNISA), Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
2School of Dentistry, University of Santo Amaro (UNISA), Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
3School of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology, University of São Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
4Graduate Program in Implant Dentistry at the University of Santo Amaro (UNISA), Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

Received 11 April 2016; Accepted 16 May 2016

Academic Editor: Gavriel Chaushu

Copyright © 2016 Angélica Castro Pimentel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Bone resorption of the posterior mandible can result in diminished bone edge and, therefore, the installation of implants in these regions becomes a challenge, especially in the presence of the mandibular canal and its contents, the inferior alveolar nerve. Several treatment alternatives are suggested: the use of short implants, guided bone regeneration, appositional bone grafting, distraction osteogenesis, inclined implants tangential to the mandibular canal, and the lateralization of the inferior alveolar nerve. The aim was to elucidate the success rate of implants in the lateralization technique and in inferior alveolar nerve transposition and to determine the most effective sensory test. We conclude that the success rate is linked to the possibility of installing implants with long bicortical anchor which favors primary stability and biomechanics.