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Case Reports in Dentistry
Volume 2017, Article ID 3514393, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3514393
Case Report

Management of Oromandibular Dystonia: A Case Report and Literature Update

1Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, SGT Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana 122505, India
2Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana 122505, India

Correspondence should be addressed to Adrita Nag; moc.liamg@atirdardma

Received 29 January 2017; Accepted 3 April 2017; Published 19 June 2017

Academic Editor: Kai-Yuan Fu

Copyright © 2017 Suma Gn and Adrita Nag. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is a movement disorder characterized by involuntary, paroxysmal, and patterned muscle contractions of varying severity resulting in sustained spasms of masticatory muscles, affecting the jaws, tongue, face, and pharynx. It is most commonly idiopathic or medication-induced, but peripheral trauma sometimes precedes the condition. We present a case report of a 26-year-old female patient who suffered repetitive bouts of hemifacial muscle contractions for 2 years on closing the mouth which interfered in patient’s well-being and quality of life by hampering her ability to eat and talk and to the extent of inability to breath due to contractions of her neck muscles. Prompt diagnosis of a chronic oromandibular dystonia jaw closing type led to the control of the spasmodic muscle contractions within 24 hours and alleviation of patients fear of morbidity.