Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Endocrinology
Volume 2013, Article ID 815821, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/815821
Case Report

Malignant Catatonia Mimicking Pheochromocytoma

1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of British Columbia, 855 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1M9
2Department of Medicine, Ridge Meadows Hospital, 11666 Laity Street, Maple Ridge, BC, Canada V2X 7G5
3Division of Clinical Chemistry, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Vancouver General Hospital, 855 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5Z 1M9

Received 26 August 2013; Accepted 17 September 2013

Academic Editors: J. Broom and T. Nagase

Copyright © 2013 Sophia Wong et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. F. Calmeil, Dictionnaire de MéDecine: Ou Répertoire Général Des Sciences MédicaLes Considérées sous Les Rapports, Théorique Et Pratique, BechEt, Paris, France, 2nd edition, 1832.
  2. M. Fink and M. A. Taylor, “The catatonia syndrome: forgotten but not gone,” Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 1173–1177, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. L. Philbrick and T. A. Rummans, “Malignant catatonia,” Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. Bush, M. Fink, G. Petrides, F. Dowling, and A. Francis, “Catatonia. I. Rating scale and standardized examination,” Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 129–136, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Bräunig, S. Krüger, G. Shugar, J. Höffler, and I. Börner, “The Catatonia Rating Scale I—development, reliability, and use,” Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 147–158, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. G. Northoff, A. Koch, J. Wenke et al., “Catatonia as a psychomotor syndrome: a rating scale and extrapyramidal motor symptoms,” Movement Disorders, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 404–416, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  7. C. P. Tang, C. M. Leung, G. S. Ungvari, and W. K. Leung, “The syndrome of lethal catatonia,” Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 400–402, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Fink, “Catatonia: a syndrome appears, disappears, and is rediscovered,” Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 54, no. 7, pp. 437–445, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. P. Stein and H. R. Black, “A simplified diagnostic approach to pheochromocytoma. A review of the literature and report of one institution's experience,” Medicine, vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 46–66, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. F. Mantero, M. Terzolo, G. Arnaldi et al., “A survey on adrenal incidentaloma in Italy,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 637–644, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J.-P. Baguet, L. Hammer, T. L. Mazzuco et al., “Circumstances of discovery of phaeochromocytoma: a retrospective study of 41 consecutive patients,” European Journal of Endocrinology, vol. 150, no. 5, pp. 681–686, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. W. M. Manger, “The protean manifestations of pheochromocytoma,” Hormone and Metabolic Research, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 658–663, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. M. Sawka, R. Jaeschke, R. J. Singh, and W. F. Young Jr., “A comparison of biochemical tests for pheochromocytoma: measurement of fractionated plasma metanephrines compared with the combination of 24-hour urinary metanephrines and catecholamines,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 88, no. 2, pp. 553–558, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Yu and M. Wei, “False positive test results for pheochromocytoma from 2000 to 2008,” Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes, vol. 118, no. 9, pp. 577–585, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. T. Adler, G. Y. Meyer-Rochow, H. Chen et al., “Pheochromocytoma: current approaches and future directions,” Oncologist, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 779–793, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. C. Mann, S. N. Caroff, and H. R. Bleier, “Lethal catatonia,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 143, no. 11, pp. 1374–1381, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. C. Mann, S. N. Caroff, E. C. Campbell, and R. A. Greenstein, “Identification and treatment of malignant catatonia,” Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology News, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 7–12, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  18. B. T. Carroll, “The universal field hypothesis of catatonia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome,” CNS Spectrums, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 26–33, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Fink, “Neuroleptic malignant syndrome and catatonia: one entity or two?” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 1–4, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. D. A. C. White, “Catatonia and the neuroleptic malignant syndrome—a single entity?” British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 161, pp. 558–560, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Fink and M. A. Taylor, “The many varieties of catatonia,” European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, vol. 251, no. 1, pp. I8–I13, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. B. Singerman and R. Raheja, “Malignant catatonia—a continuing reality,” Annals of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 259–266, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. G. Northoff, J. Wenke, and B. Pflug, “Increase of serum creatine phosphokinase in catatonia: an investigation in 32 acute catatonic patients,” Psychological Medicine, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 547–553, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. W. Y. Lee, “Serum iron in catatonia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome,” Biological Psychiatry, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 499–507, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. Nisijima, “Malignant catatonia accompanied by high urinary catecholamine levels mimicking the presentation of pheochromocytoma,” Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, vol. 63, no. 3, pp. 428–429, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. A. H. Sokoro, J. Zivot, and R. E. Ariano, “Neuroleptic malignant syndrome versus serotonin syndrome: the search for a diagnostic tool,” Annals of Pharmacotherapy, vol. 45, no. 9, p. e50, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. H. Feibel and R. B. Schiffer, “Sympathoadrenomedullary hyperactivity in the neuroleptic malignant syndrome: a case report,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 138, no. 8, pp. 1115–1116, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. Doogue, S. Soule, and P. Hunt, “Another cause of “pseudophaeochromocytoma”—quetiapine associated with a false positive normetanephrine result,” Clinical Endocrinology, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 472–473, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. J. Whiting and M. P. Doogue, “Advances in biochemical screening for phaeochromocytoma using biogenic amines,” The Clinical Biochemist Reviews, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 3–17, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  30. J. Barron, “Phaeochromocytoma: diagnostic challenges for biochemical screening and diagnosis,” Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 669–674, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. Eisenhofer, D. S. Goldstein, M. M. Walther et al., “Biochemical diagnosis of pheochromocytoma: how to distinguish true- from false-positive test results,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 2656–2666, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. Smith-Bindman, J. Lipson, R. Marcus et al., “Radiation dose associated with common computed tomography examinations and the associated lifetime attributable risk of cancer,” Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 169, no. 22, pp. 2078–2086, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. B. Detweiler, A. Mehra, T. Rowell, K. Y. Kim, and G. Bader, “Delirious mania and malignant catatonia: a report of 3 cases and review,” Psychiatric Quarterly, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 23–40, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. A. Taylor and M. Fink, “Catatonia in psychiatric classification: a home of its own,” American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 160, no. 7, pp. 1233–1241, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. F. Van Den Eede, J. Van Hecke, A. Van Dalfsen, B. Van Den Bossche, P. Cosyns, and B. G. C. Sabbe, “The use of atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of catatonia,” European Psychiatry, vol. 20, no. 5-6, pp. 422–429, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus