Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Endocrinology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1543149, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1543149
Case Report

Normalization of Bilateral Adrenal Gland Enlargement after Treatment for Cryptococcosis

1Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan
2Research Center of Health, Physical Fitness and Sports, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Shintaro Iwama; pj.ca.u-ayogan.dem@amawis

Received 15 January 2017; Revised 10 March 2017; Accepted 14 March 2017; Published 26 March 2017

Academic Editor: Takeshi Usui

Copyright © 2017 Yuka Muraoka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Chayakulkeeree and J. R. Perfect, “Cryptococcosis,” Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 507–544, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. W. F. Paolo Jr. and J. D. Nosanchuk, “Adrenal infections,” International Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 343–353, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. E. Bowman and J. O. Ritchey, “Cryptococcosis (torulosis) involving the brain, adrenal and prostate,” The Journal of Urology, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 373–378, 1954. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. J. Rawson, L. H. Collins Jr., and J. L. Grant, “Histoplasmosis and torulosis as causes of adrenal insufficiency,” The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 215, no. 4, pp. 363–371, 1948. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. F. Walker, C. J. Gunthel, J. A. Bryan, N. B. Watts, and R. V. Clark, “Disseminated cryptococcosis in an apparently normal host presenting as primary adrenal insufficiency: diagnosis by fine needle aspiration,” The American Journal of Medicine, vol. 86, pp. 715–717, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. Shah, H. C. Taylor, I. Pillay, M. Chung-Park, and R. Dobrinich, “Adrenal insufficiency due to cryptococcosis,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 256, no. 23, pp. 3247–3249, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Y.-C. Liu, D.-L. Cheng, C.-Y. Liu, M.-Y. Yen, and R.-S. Wang, “Isolated cryptococcosis of the adrenal gland,” Journal of Internal Medicine, vol. 230, no. 3, pp. 285–287, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. N. Powers, G. M. Rupp, S. J. Maygarden, and W. J. Frable, “Fine‐needle aspiration cytology of adrenal cryptococcosis: a case report,” Diagnostic Cytopathology, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 88–91, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. R. Cocker, S. A. McNair, L. Kahn et al., “Isolated adrenal cryptococcosis, diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy: a case report,” Diagnostic Cytopathology, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 899–901, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Z.-S. Hung, Y.-H. Lai, Y.-H. Hsu, C.-H. Wang, T.-C. Fang, and B.-G. Hsu, “Disseminated cryptococcosis causes adrenal insufficiency in an immunocompetent individual,” Internal Medicine, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 1023–1026, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Takeshita, H. Nakazawa, H. Akiyama et al., “Disseminated cryptococcosis presenting with adrenal insufficiency and menigitis: resistant to prolonged antifungal therapy but responding to bilateral adrenalectomy,” Internal Medicine, vol. 31, no. 12, pp. 1401–1405, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H.-M. Cheng, A. S.-B. Chou, K.-H. Chiang, H.-W. Huang, P.-Y. Chang, and P.-S. Yen, “Primary adrenal insufficiency in isolated cryptococcosis of the adrenal gland: CT and MR imaging appearances,” European Journal of Radiology Extra, vol. 75, no. 3, pp. e111–e113, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Kawamura, S. Miyazaki, S. Mashiko et al., “Disseminated cryptococcosis associated with adrenal masses and insufficiency,” American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 316, no. 1, pp. 60–64, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Matsuda, H. Kawate, Y. Okishige et al., “Successful management of cryptococcosis of the bilateral adrenal glands and liver by unilateral adrenalectomy with antifungal agents: a case report,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 11, article 340, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Ranjan, M. Jana, S. Krishnan, D. Nath, and R. Sood, “Disseminated cryptococcosis with adrenal and lung involvement in an immunocompetent patient,” Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. OD04–OD05, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. Benešová, V. Buchta, J. Cerman, and P. Žá, “Cryptococcosis—a review of 13 autopsy cases from a 54-year period in a large hospital,” APMIS, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 177–183, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Roussos, I. Lagogianni, A. Gonis et al., “Hypercalcaemia in Greek patients with tuberculosis before the initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment,” Respiratory Medicine, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 187–190, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. F. Shai, R. K. Baker, J. R. Addrizzo, and S. Wallach, “Hypercalcemia in mycobacterial infection,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 251–256, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Cadranel, A. J. Hance, B. Milleron, F. Paillard, G. M. Akoun, and M. Garabedian, “Vitamin D metabolism in tuberculosis. Production of 1,25(OH)2D3 by cells recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage and the role of this metabolite in calcium homeostasis,” American Review of Respiratory Disease, vol. 138, no. 4, pp. 984–989, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Cadranel, M. Garabedian, B. Milleron, H. Guillozo, G. Akoun, and A. J. Hance, “1,25(OH)2D3 production by T lymphocytes and alveolar macrophages recovered by lavage from normocalcemic patients with tuberculosis,” Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 1588–1593, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. W. R. Salyer, C. L. Moravec, D. C. Salyer, and P. F. Guerin, “Adrenal involvement in cryptococcosis,” American Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 559–561, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus