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Case Reports in Endocrinology
Volume 2018, Article ID 2170484, 5 pages
Case Report

Posaconazole-Induced Adrenal Insufficiency in a Case of Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia

1Department of Medicine, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA
2Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Rana Malek; ude.dnalyramu.mos@kelamr

Received 16 October 2017; Revised 7 December 2017; Accepted 18 December 2017; Published 16 January 2018

Academic Editor: Osamu Isozaki

Copyright © 2018 Ann Miller et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Posaconazole is an azole used in treatment and prophylaxis of a broad spectrum of fungal infections. Antifungals such as ketoconazole have been shown to cause primary adrenal insufficiency (AI) as a result of direct inhibition on the steroidogenesis pathway. There is only one reported case of primary AI induced by posaconazole in a patient with mucormycosis. We report a case of posaconazole-related primary AI. Case. A 63-year-old man with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia was admitted for fatigue and intermittent nausea and vomiting. He had recently discontinued prophylactic posaconazole 300 mg daily. He was assessed for AI with a morning cortisol of 1.9 mcg/dL followed by a failed cosyntropin stimulation (CS) test. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) level was 154.6 pg/mL with negative 21-hydroxylase antibodies. The patient’s symptoms improved with initiation of hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone. One year after discontinuation of posaconazole, he underwent a repeat CS test which showed normal adrenal function with normal ACTH at 34.1 pg/mL. Conclusion. In this case, we demonstrate that prolonged use of posaconazole is associated with primary AI. As use of posaconazole increases, knowledge of the potential risk of AI is important and must be included in the differential diagnosis when these patients present with hypotension, hypoglycemia, and failure to thrive.