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Case Reports in Endocrinology
Volume 2018, Article ID 2353172, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2353172
Case Report

Acute Primary Adrenal Insufficiency after Hip Replacement in a Patient with Acute Intermittent Porphyria

1Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Metabolism, Santa Croce e Carle Hospital, Via M. Coppino 26, 12100 Cuneo, Italy
2Internal Medicine 1, Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital, Regione Gonzole 10, Orbassano, 10043 Turin, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Adele Latina; ti.liamtoh@anitaleleda

Received 24 May 2017; Revised 6 July 2017; Accepted 28 November 2017; Published 4 January 2018

Academic Editor: Wayne V. Moore

Copyright © 2018 Adele Latina et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Adrenal insufficiency is a potentially life-threatening condition when it occurs acutely, as in adrenal hemorrhage. Generally it is not reversible and requires chronic replacement therapy. Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a rare genetic disease characterized by alterations in heme biosynthesis that result in accumulation of precursors in tissues. A crisis can be triggered by many conditions such as surgery and infections. Symptoms are similar to those of acute hypoadrenalism. Moreover, both conditions are characterized by hyponatremia. We describe the case of a postmenopausal woman known to be affected by AIP who developed after surgery a primary adrenal insufficiency associated with adrenal enlargement; the latter completely reverted in six months.