Case Reports in Endocrinology / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Case Report

Graves’ Disease Presenting with Periodic Paralysis to the Emergency Department

Table 1

Causes of hypokalaemia.

Urinary losses
 Bartter and Gitelman syndromes
Gastrointestinal losses
 Diarrhoea or laxative abuse
Decreased potassium intake
 Poor oral intake
 Primary hyperaldosteronism
 Secondary hyperaldosteronism
 Others (e.g. excessive liquorice intake)
Shift of potassium into cells
 Metabolic alkalosis
 Excessive insulin
 Hypo/hyperkalaemic periodic paralysis
 Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis
 Adrenergic stimulation (e.g. beta-agonists or
 Liddle syndrome
 Ectopic adrenocorticotrophic hormone

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