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Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
Volume 2013, Article ID 853825, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/853825
Case Report

Rectal Ischemia Mimicked Tumor Mass

1Department of Surgery, Filiates General Hospital, 29 Kapodistriou, 1a Nizna, Filiates, 45332 Ioannina, Greece
2Department of Gastroenterology, Filiates General Hospital, Eleftheriou & Kavafi, Filiates, 46100 Igoumenitsa, Greece
3Department of Pathology, Filiates General Hospital, 99-101 G. Papandreou, N. Philadelphia, 14342 Athens, Greece

Received 13 July 2013; Accepted 12 August 2013

Academic Editors: T. Hirata, R. J. L. F. Loffeld, and F. H. Mourad

Copyright © 2013 Nicolaos Zikos et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Ischemic proctitis is a rare disease which is usually encountered in elderly with comorbidities. We present a case of an 80-year old man with severe coronary disease who presented with severe hematochezia and hypotension. Endoscopy revealed a rectal mass 3-4 cm above the dental line and rectosigmoid mucosal inflammation compatible with ischemic colitis. The rectal insult was so intense that it resembled a neoplasmatic lesion. We discuss the causes, the prognostic factors, and the clinical and therapeutic challenges of this rare, albeit life-threatening entity, and we review the relative literature. A percentage of 10%–20% of patients with ischemic colitis usually have a distal potentially obstructing lesion or disorder such as cancer, diverticulitis or fecal impaction. Ischemic colitis, when mucosal and submucosal edema is severe and hemorrhagic nodules are large enough, can mimic a neoplasmatic lesion. The best treatment approach is a conservative management initially with a close clinical followup and after stabilization a repetition of rectal endoscopy with new biopsies. Early recognition of this clinical entity is of paramount importance to implement appropriate therapy (conservative or surgical) and avoid potentially fatal treatment of presumed inflammatory or infectious bowel diseases.