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Case Reports in Hematology
Volume 2014, Article ID 541807, 4 pages
Case Report

Isolated Gastric Myeloid Sarcoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), P.O. Box 980663, 1001 E Broad Street, Old City Hall, Suite 405, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
2Massey Cancer Center, Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), P.O. Box 980070, 1201 E Marshall Street, MMEC 11-213, Richmond, VA 23298, USA

Received 1 May 2014; Accepted 23 June 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editor: Sudhir Tauro

Copyright © 2014 Pankit Vachhani and Prithviraj Bose. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Myeloid sarcoma represents the proliferation of myeloblasts of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at extramedullary sites. While extramedullary involvement in AML is uncommon in itself, isolated myeloid sarcomas, that is, myeloid sarcomas without any bone marrow involvement, are extremely rare and pose a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Here, we present the case of a middle-aged woman with isolated myeloid sarcoma in the stomach—an organ seldom involved by this disease. Additionally, the literature on the epidemiology, diagnosis, pathology, prognosis, and therapeutic options in myeloid sarcomas has been reviewed.