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Case Reports in Hematology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 937203, 4 pages
Case Report

CNS Involvement in AML Patient Treated with 5-Azacytidine

1Second Department of Internal Medicine and Research Institute, Athens University Medical School, Attikon University General Hospital, 1 Rimini Street, 12462 Athens, Greece
2Iatropolis Magnetic Tomography SA, 15231 Athens, Greece
3Department of Cytopathology, Medical School Attikon University Hospital, University of Athens, 12462 Athens, Greece

Received 12 April 2014; Revised 30 June 2014; Accepted 18 July 2014; Published 14 August 2014

Academic Editor: Salah Aref

Copyright © 2014 Diamantina Vasilatou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Central nervous system (CNS) involvement in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a rare complication of the disease and is associated with poor prognosis. Sometimes the clinical presentation can be unspecific and the diagnosis can be very challenging. Here we report a case of CNS infiltration in a patient suffering from AML who presented with normal complete blood count and altered mental status.