Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Hepatology
Volume 2015, Article ID 458056, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/458056
Case Report

Acute Viral Hepatitis E Is Associated with the Development of Myocarditis

1Department of Hepatology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), D-1 Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110070, India
2Department of Cardiology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS), D-1 Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110070, India

Received 29 September 2014; Revised 13 December 2014; Accepted 16 December 2014

Academic Editor: Zu-Yau Lin

Copyright © 2015 M. Premkumar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Xu, H. B. Yu, W. Hui et al., “Clinical features and risk factors of acute hepatitis E with severe jaundice,” World Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 18, no. 48, pp. 7279–7284, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. Jain, S. Prakash, S. Gupta et al., “Prevalence of hepatitis A virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis D virus and hepatitis e virus as causes of acute viral hepatitis in North India: a hospital based study,” Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 261–265, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. C. Schultz, A. A. Hilliard, L. T. Cooper Jr., and C. S. Rihal, “Diagnosis and treatment of viral myocarditis,” Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 84, no. 11, pp. 1001–1009, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. C. Sun and V. M. Smith, “Hepatitis associated with myocarditis. Unusual manifestation of infection with Coxsackie virus group B, type 3,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 274, no. 4, pp. 190–193, 1966. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. K. Das, A. Agarwal, R. Andrew, G. G. Frösner, and P. Kar, “Role of hepatitis E and other hepatotropic virus in aetiology of sporadic acute viral hepatitis: a hospital based study from urban Delhi,” European Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 937–940, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. P. Mathur, N. K. Arora, S. K. Panda, S. K. Kapoor, B. L. Jailkhani, and M. Irshad, “Sero-epidemiology of Hepatitis E virus (HEV) in urban and rural children of North India,” Indian Pediatrics, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 461–475, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. “Acute myopericarditis due to hepatitis E virus infection: a case report,” Program P847, American College of Gastroenterology, Las Vegas, Nev, USA, 2012, ACG 2012 Annual Scientific Meeting Abstracts.
  8. B. K. Goyal, D. K. Mishra, R. Kawar, B. C. Kalmath, A. Sharma, and S. Gautam, “Hepatitis E associated myocarditis: an unusual entity,” Bombay Hospital Journal, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 361–362, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  9. JCS Joint Working Group, “Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of myocarditis (JCS 2009): digest version,” Circulation Journal, vol. 75, no. 3, pp. 734–743, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. H. T. Aretz, “Myocarditis: the Dallas criteria,” Human Pathology, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 619–624, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. L. T. Cooper Jr., “Myocarditis,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 360, no. 15, pp. 1526–1538, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. M. Feldman and D. McNamara, “Myocarditis,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 343, no. 19, pp. 1388–1398, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. T. Aretz, M. E. Billingham, W. D. Edwards et al., “Myocarditis: a histopathologic definition and classification,” The American Journal of Cardiovascular Pathology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 3–14, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. M. Felker, R. E. Thompson, J. M. Hare et al., “Underlying causes and long-term survival in patients with initially unexplained cardiomyopathy,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 342, no. 15, pp. 1077–1084, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. W. Mason, J. B. O'Connell, A. Herskowitz et al., “A clinical trial of immunosuppressive therapy for myocarditis,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 333, no. 5, pp. 269–275, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. W. Dec Jr., I. F. Palacios, J. T. Fallon et al., “Active myocarditis in the spectrum of acute dilated cardiomyopathies. Clinical features, histologic corelates, and clinical outcome,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 312, no. 14, pp. 885–890, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Herskowitz, S. Campbell, J. Deckers et al., “Demographic features and prevalence of idiopathic myocarditis in patients undergoing endomyocardial biopsy,” The American Journal of Cardiology, vol. 71, no. 11, pp. 982–986, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. Lauer, C. Niederau, U. Kühl et al., “Cardiac troponin T in patients with clinically suspected myocarditis,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 1354–1359, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. W. Sharkey, J. R. Lesser, A. G. Zenovich et al., “Acute and reversible cardiomyopathy provoked by stress in women from the United States,” Circulation, vol. 111, no. 4, pp. 472–479, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. Afonso, P. Hari, V. Pidlaoan, A. Kondur, S. Jacob, and V. Khetarpal, “Acute myocarditis: can novel echocardiographic techniques assist with diagnosis?” European Journal of Echocardiography, vol. 11, no. 3, p. E5, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. Mahrholdt, C. Goedecke, A. Wagner et al., “Cardiovascular magnetic resonance assessment of human myocarditis: a comparison to histology and molecular pathology,” Circulation, vol. 109, no. 10, pp. 1250–1258, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. Akuzawa, N. Harada, T. Hatori et al., “Myocarditis, hepatitis, and pancreatitis in a patient with coxsackievirus A4 infection: a case report,” Virology Journal, vol. 11, no. 1, article 3, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Matsumori, T. Shimada, N. M. Chapman, S. M. Tracy, and J. W. Mason, “Myocarditis and heart failure associated with hepatitis C virus infection,” Journal of Cardiac Failure, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 293–298, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. Yazu, Y. Miyata, H. Matsuura, H. Kimura, and S. Koga, “A case of hepatitis A accompanied with acute myocarditis,” Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, vol. 85, pp. 1304–1307, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  25. C. Bosson, D. Q. Lim, J. Hadrami, and Y. Chotard, “Myopericarditis during hepatitis A,” Presse Médicale, vol. 25, no. 21, pp. 995–996, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. P. Liu and H. P. Schultheiss, “Myocarditis,” in Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, P. Libby and E. Braunwald, Eds., vol. 2, pp. 1784–1785, WB Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 2008. View at Google Scholar