Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Hepatology
Volume 2016, Article ID 5910375, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5910375
Case Report

Melioidosis: A Rare Cause of Liver Abscess

1Department of Surgery, National Kidney and Transplant Institute, East Avenue, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, Philippines
2Liver Center, National Kidney and Transplant Institute, East Avenue, Diliman, 1101 Quezon City, Philippines

Received 24 April 2016; Accepted 27 June 2016

Academic Editor: Emilia Hadziyannis

Copyright © 2016 Peter Franz M. San Martin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Case Presentation. This is a case of a 44-year-old male, farmer, known to be diabetic, presenting with two-week history of vague abdominal pain associated with high grade fever. Abdominal CT scan showed localized liver abscess at segment 8 measuring 7.5 × 6.8 × 6.1 cm. Patient subsequently underwent laparoscopic ultrasound guided pigtail insertion for drainage of abscess. Culture studies showed moderate growth of Burkholderia pseudomallei in which the patient completed seven days of IV Meropenem. On follow-up after 12 weeks of oral Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim, taken twice a day, the patient remained asymptomatic with no residual findings based on the abdominal ultrasound. Discussion. Diagnosis of melioidosis, a known “great masquerader,” relies heavily on culture studies. Consensus with regard to the management of liver abscess caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei has not yet been established due to the rarity of cases. Surgical intervention through either a percutaneous or open drainage has shown good outcomes compared to IV antibiotics alone. In Philippines, the possibility of underreporting is highly plausible. This write-up serves not only to report a rare presentation of melioidosis but also to add to the number of cases reported in the country, possibly indicative of disease emergence.