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Case Reports in Hepatology
Volume 2018, Article ID 9793868, 5 pages
Case Report

Postinfantile Giant Cell Hepatitis with Features of Acute Severe Autoimmune Hepatitis Probably Triggered by Diclofenac in a Patient with Primary Myelofibrosis

1Department of Medicine and Research Laboratory of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece
2Department of Pathology, Medical School, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece

Correspondence should be addressed to George N. Dalekos; rg.htu.dem@sokelad

Received 10 October 2017; Revised 11 January 2018; Accepted 11 February 2018; Published 11 March 2018

Academic Editor: Fumio Imazeki

Copyright © 2018 Pinelopi Arvaniti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Giant cell hepatitis (GCH) is commonly reported in neonatal and infantile liver diseases but rarely in adults where the term postinfantile GCH (PIGCH) is used. PIGCH is associated with many diseases, including drugs toxicity, viruses, and autoimmune liver diseases, with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) being the most prevalent. We present a case of PIGCH in a 76-year-old female without known history of liver disease who suffered from an acute severe episode of hepatitis. After careful exclusion of other hepatitis causes by imaging, virological, immunological, and microbiological investigations, a diagnosis of acute severe AIH (AS-AIH) was established. The patient was started on corticosteroids but she did not respond and died 3 days later because of advanced acute liver failure. Postmortem liver biopsy showed typical PIGCH lesions. Physicians must keep this catastrophic entity in mind in cases of unexplained acute liver injury as, contrary to our case, prompt rescue therapy with corticosteroids may be life-saving.