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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 537052, 3 pages
Case Report

Visceral Leishmaniasis in a UK Toddler following a Short Trip to a Popular Holiday Destination in Spain

1The Whittington Hospital NHS Trust, Magdala Avenue, London N19 5NF, UK
2Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Turner Street, London E1 2AD, UK
3St. George’s Hospital NHS Trust, Blackshaw Road, London SW17 0QT, UK

Received 25 April 2014; Accepted 15 July 2014; Published 10 August 2014

Academic Editor: Sodiomon B. Sirima

Copyright © 2014 Neda Minakaran et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We herein present the case of a 15-month-old with visceral leishmaniasis diagnosed in the UK following a short trip to a popular holiday destination in Spain. Four months after the initial symptoms, the diagnosis was made incidentally on microscopy of a bone marrow biopsy taken for suspected haematological malignancy after the child developed hepatosplenomegaly, pancytopaenia, and Klebsiella pneumoniae septicaemia.