Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 102451, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/102451
Case Report

Listeria monocytogenes Meningitis in an Immunosuppressed Patient with Autoimmune Hepatitis and IgG4 Subclass Deficiency

1Infectious Diseases Division, Medical Department, National Hospital Faroe Islands, 100 Tórshavn, Faroe Islands
2Infectious Diseases Research Unit, Odense University Hospital and University of Southern Denmark, 5000 Odense, Denmark

Received 13 August 2015; Accepted 8 October 2015

Academic Editor: Oguz R. Sipahi

Copyright © 2015 Shahin Gaini. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. C. Brouwer, D. van de Beek, S. G. B. Heckenberg, L. Spanjaard, and J. de Gans, “Community-acquired Listeria monocytogenes meningitis in adults,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 1233–1238, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. C. Brouwer, A. R. Tunkel, and D. van de Beek, “Epidemiology, diagnosis, and antimicrobial treatment of acute bacterial meningitis,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 467–492, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Crouzet-Ozenda, H. Haas, E. Bingen et al., “Méningites à Listeria monocytogenes de l'enfant en France,” Archives de Pédiatrie, vol. 15, supplement 3, pp. S158–S160, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. D. Girard, A. Leclercq, E. Laurent, M. Lecuit, H. de Valk, and V. Goulet, “Pregnancy-related listeriosis in France, 1984 to 2011, with a focus on 606 cases from 1999 to 2011,” Eurosurveillance, vol. 19, no. 38, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. Amaya-Villar, E. García-Cabrera, E. Sulleiro-Igual et al., “Three-year multicenter surveillance of community-acquired listeria monocytogenes meningitis in adults,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 10, article 324, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. Arslan, E. Meynet, M. Sunbul et al., “The clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of neuroinvasive listeriosis: a multinational study,” European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1213–1221, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. van de Beek, M. C. Brouwer, G. E. Thwaites, and A. R. Tunkel, “Advances in treatment of bacterial meningitis,” The Lancet, vol. 380, no. 9854, pp. 1693–1702, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. C. Thigpen, C. G. Whitney, N. E. Messonnier et al., “Bacterial meningitis in the United States, 1998–2007,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 364, no. 21, pp. 2016–2025, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Schuchat, K. Robinson, J. D. Wenger et al., “Bacterial meningitis in the United States in 1995,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 337, no. 14, pp. 970–976, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. I. Pelegrín, M. Moragas, C. Suárez et al., “Listeria monocytogenes meningoencephalitis in adults: analysis of factors related to unfavourable outcome,” Infection, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 817–827, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. P. Manns, A. W. Lohse, and D. Vergani, “Autoimmune hepatitis—update 2015,” Journal of Hepatology, vol. 62, no. 1, supplement, pp. S100–S111, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. L. Grønbæk, H. Vilstrup, and P. Jepsen, “Autoimmune hepatitis in Denmark: incidence, prevalence, prognosis, and causes of death. A nationwide registry-based cohort study,” Journal of Hepatology, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 612–617, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. W. L. Ng, C. M. Chu, A. K. L. Wu, V. C. C. Cheng, and K. Y. Yuen, “Lymphopenia at presentation is associated with increased risk of infections in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus,” QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 37–47, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. Migita, T. Arai, N. Ishizuka et al., “Rates of serious intracellular infections in autoimmune disease patients receiving initial glucocorticoid therapy,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 11, Article ID e78699, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. K. Orlicka, E. Barnes, and E. L. Culver, “Prevention of infection caused by immunosuppressive drugs in gastroenterology,” Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 167–185, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. T. Ali, S. Kaitha, S. Mahmood, A. Ftesi, J. Stone, and M. S. Bronze, “Clinical use of anti-TNF therapy and increased risk of infections,” Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety, vol. 5, pp. 79–99, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. J. M. Ramos, M. F. García-Sepulcre, M. Masiá, A. Brotons, M. C. Grau, and F. Gutiérrez, “Listeria monocytogenes infection in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases receiving anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy,” Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas, vol. 102, no. 10, pp. 614–616, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Minami, T. Hasegawa, T. Ando et al., “Post-colonoscopic Listeria septicemia in ulcerative colitis during immunosuppressive therapy,” Internal Medicine, vol. 46, no. 24, pp. 2023–2027, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Kassalik, L. C. Fry, A. Didowacz-Grollmann, S. Mousalli, and K. Mönkemüller, “Listeria monocytogenes sepsis in ulcerative colitis,” Endoscopy, vol. 44, supplement 2, pp. E219–E220, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Tschudin, G. Laifer, C. Orasch, and R. Nüesch, “Headaches and aphasia in an immunocompromised patient,” Praxis, vol. 98, no. 14, pp. 775–779, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. A. Hanson, R. Söderström, D. E. Nilssen et al., “IgG subclass deficiency with or without IgA deficiency,” Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology, vol. 61, no. 2, part 2, pp. S70–S77, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. V. Tablang, “Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis caused by infection with Listeria monocytogenes,” Case Reports in Gastroenterology, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 321–325, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. S. P. Tripathy and G. B. Mackaness, “The effect of cytotoxic agents on the primary immune response to Listeria monocytogenes,” The Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol. 130, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. Söderström, R. Söderström, A. Avanzini, P. Brandtzaeg, G. Karlsson, and L. A. Hanson, “Immunoglobulin G subclass deficiencies,” International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology, vol. 82, no. 3-4, pp. 476–480, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. T. Soderstrom, R. Soderstrom, and L. A. Hanson, “Immunoglobulin G subclasses in immunodeficiency,” Annals of Clinical Research, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 280–284, 1987. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. D. C. Heiner, “IgG4 immunodeficiency,” The New England and Regional Allergy Proceedings, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 43–50, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. Keven, M. Sahin, S. Kutlay et al., “Immunoglobulin deficiency in kidney allograft recipients: comparative effects of mycophenolate mofetil and azathioprine,” Transplant Infectious Disease, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 181–186, 2003 (Chinese). View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Losy, G. Michałowska-Wender, and M. Wender, “The effect of azathioprine treatment on IgG subclasses in multiple sclerosis,” Neurologia I Neurochirurgia Polska, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 39–44, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus