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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2016, Article ID 1738742, 3 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1738742
Case Report

Intravenous Drug Abuse by Patients Inside the Hospital: A Cause for Sustained Bacteremia

Department of Medicine, Monmouth Medical Center, Long Branch, NJ 07740, USA

Received 30 December 2015; Accepted 9 June 2016

Academic Editor: Daniela M. Cirillo

Copyright © 2016 Noopur Goel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Patients with history of intravenous drug abuse are noted to be at risk of several infections including HIV, endocarditis, and other opportunistic infections. We report the case of a patient with sustained Bacillus cereus bacteremia despite use of multiple antibiotic regimens during his inpatient stay. Our case highlights the importance of high suspicion for active drug use inside the hospital in such patients. This is important in order to minimize unnecessary diagnostic workup and provide adequate treatment and safe hospital stay for these patients.