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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2016, Article ID 4070561, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4070561
Case Report

Respiratory Failure Associated with Ascariasis in a Patient with Immunodeficiency

1Department of Haematology and Transplantology, Pomeranian Medical University, Unii Lubelskiej 1, 71-252 Szczecin, Poland
2Department of Biology and Medical Parasitology, Pomeranian Medical University, Powstańców Wielkopolskich 72, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland
3Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Pomeranian Medical University, Unii Lubelskiej 1, 71-252 Szczecin, Poland

Received 22 February 2016; Accepted 26 April 2016

Academic Editor: Sinésio Talhari

Copyright © 2016 Lanocha Aleksandra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In industrialized countries, risk groups for parasitic diseases include travelers, recent immigrants, and patients with immunodeficiency following chemotherapy and radiotherapy and AIDS. A 66-year-old Polish male was admitted in December 2012 to the Department of Haematology in a fairly good general condition. On the basis of cytological, cytochemical, immunophenotypic, and cytogenetic analysis of bone marrow, the patient was diagnosed with acute myeloblastic leukemia. On the 7th day of hospitalization in the Department of Haematology, patient was moved to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) due to acute respiratory and circulatory failure. In March 2013, 3 months after the onset of respiratory failures, a mature form of Ascaris spp. appeared in the patient’s mouth. This report highlights the importance of considering an Ascaris infection in patients with low immunity presenting no eosinophilia but pulmonary failure in the central countries of Europe.