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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2016, Article ID 5167874, 3 pages
Case Report

Bacteremia with an Unusual Pathogen: Mycobacterium neoaurum

1Department of Internal Medicine, MUSOM, Huntington, WV, USA
2Department of Infectious Diseases, MUSOM, Huntington, WV, USA

Received 15 August 2016; Accepted 20 September 2016

Academic Editor: Alexandre Rodrigues Marra

Copyright © 2016 Hesham Awadh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Mycobacterium neoaurum (M. neoaurum) is an infrequently encountered cause of infection in humans. It is a member of the rapidly growing mycobacteria family. It predominately afflicts those with a compromised immune status and a chronically indwelling vascular access. Isolation of this organism is challenging yet the advent of 16s ribosomal sequencing paved the way for more sensitive detection. No treatment guidelines are available and treatment largely depends on the experience of the treating physician and nature of the isolate. We report a case of M. neoaurum bacteremia in an immune competent host, with a chronically placed peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC line).