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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2016, Article ID 8935052, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8935052
Case Report

Identification of Dietzia spp. from Cardiac Tissue by 16S rRNA PCR in a Patient with Culture-Negative Device-Associated Endocarditis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1Division of Infectious Diseases, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA
2Department of Pathology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA

Received 2 July 2016; Revised 25 October 2016; Accepted 5 December 2016

Academic Editor: Oguz R. Sipahi

Copyright © 2016 Praveen Sudhindra et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The genus Dietzia was recently distinguished from other actinomycetes such as Rhodococcus. While these organisms are known to be distributed widely in the environment, over the past decade several novel species have been described and isolated from human clinical specimens. Here we describe the identification of Dietzia natronolimnaea/D. cercidiphylli by PCR amplification and sequencing of the 16S rRNA encoding gene from cardiac tissue in a patient with culture-negative device-associated endocarditis.