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Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Volume 2017, Article ID 1434051, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1434051
Case Report

Occupational Neurobrucellosis Mimicking a Brain Tumor: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

1King Abdulaziz Medical City and King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2King Abdullah International Medical Research Center and King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
4King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
5King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence should be addressed to Hussein Algahtani; moc.liamtoh@inathaglah

Received 6 January 2017; Accepted 26 January 2017; Published 16 February 2017

Academic Editor: Raul Colodner

Copyright © 2017 Hussein Algahtani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Brucellosis is a zoonotic bacterial infection which is transmitted to humans from infected animals and is endemic in many parts of the world including Saudi Arabia. In this article, we report a case of occupational neurobrucellosis that presented with a space-occupying lesion mimicking a brain tumor. We stress on the importance of obtaining detailed social history including occupation to reach the diagnosis in several conditions including brucellosis. We also stress on taking universal precautions when handling any specimens. It may be advisable that manipulation of all unknown specimens arriving at the laboratory should occur in biological safety cabinet until a highly infectious organism is ruled out. Neurobrucellosis should be included in the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with solitary mass lesion mimicking brain tumor especially in endemic areas or high occupational risk group.